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Issues / 04/18 Print

Problem of biological safety of flocks of cattle of dairy breeds in the Russian Federation

UDC 619:616-084:636.2.034(470+571)

Chernykh O.Yu., Koshchaev A.G., Lysenko A.A., Lagutin D.V., Krivonos R.A., Kaloshkina I.M., Mischenko A.V.

Summary. The economic efficiency of livestock, including dairy cattle, is ensured by the genetic potential of animals, full-fledged feeding and well-being in infectious diseases. According to the OIE 2016 Terrestrial Animal Health Code, «biosafety is defined as a set of management and health maintenance measures to reduce the risk of skidding, fixing and spreading diseases, infections or animal investments. According to the OIE 2016 Terrestrial Animal Health Code, «biosafety» is defined as a set of management and health maintenance measures to reduce the risk of skidding, fixing and spreading diseases, infections or animal investments The main requirement for milking cows is the absence of any deviations in the body of these animals from physiological norms. These indicators are developed and presented in many normative documents and recommendations, including such authoritative organizations (FAO and OIE). Biological safety (biosafety) is a system for preventing the entry of pathogenic microorganisms in the animal population; exclusion or restriction of the spread of pathogens among individuals in the population; destruction or decrease in the concentration of pathogens; control the morbidity of animals, reduce the risk of contamination of products. Creation and implementation of safety plans is related to the veterinary and sanitary status of the herd and the existing risks of importation of pathogens of infectious diseases belonging to the list of the OIE. Criteria for the effectiveness of biosafety are: incidence rate, mortality rate, reproduction rates, milk production level, growth rate of live weight, and physiological condition of animals. The greatest threat to cattle breeding, including dairy farming, is transboundary infections, which are of exceptional importance for the economy, trade and/or food security of many countries, capable of widespread inter-state distribution on an epizootic scale, the fight against which, up to elimination, requires cooperation efforts of several countries.

Keywords: animal husbandry, highly productive large horned cattle, biological safety, epizootological well-being, immunodeficiencies, metabolism, serum, biochemical indicators, transboundary infections, prevention.


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Author affiliation:

Koshchaev Andrey G., D.Sc. in Biology, professor, Vice-Rector for Science of the Kuban State Agrarian University named after I.T Trubilin; 13, Kalinina st., Krasnodar, 350044; phone: 8-861-2215637; e-mail:

Lysenko Aleksandr A., D.Sc. in Veterinary Medicine, professor, professor of the department of therapy and pharmacology of the Kuban State Agrarian University named after I.T. Trubilin; 13, Kalinina st., Krasnodar, 350044; phone: 8-961-5075415; e-mail:

Lagutin Dmitriy V., post-graduate student of the department of therapy and pharmacology of the Kuban State Agrarian University named after I.T. Trubilin; 13, Kalinina st., Krasnodar, 350044; phone: 8-861-2215820.

Krivonos Roman A., Ph.D. in Veterinary Medicine, Head of the Veterinary Department of Krasnodar region; 36, Rashpilevskaya st., Krasnodar, 350000; phone: 8-861-2621923; e-mail:

Kaloshkina Inna M., Ph.D. in Veterinary Medicine, Head of the department of antiparasitic and veterinary-sanitary measures of the Krasnodar regional station of fighting against animal diseases; 15/1, Kalinina st., Krasnodar, 350004; phone: 8-861-2216239; e-mail:

Mishchenko Alexey V., Ph.D. in Veterinary Medicine, vice director for research and monitoring of the Federal Centre for Animal Health; mcrd. Yurievets, Vladimir, 600901; phone: 8-4922-261765 (ext. 21-55); e-mail:

Responsible for correspondence with the editorial board: Chernykh Oleg Yu., D.Sc. in Veterinary Medicine, director of the Kropotkin regional veterinary laboratory; 303, Krasnoarmeyskaya st., Kropotkin, 352380; phone: 8-8613862314; e-mail:


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